Relating to Homelessness
SB 1090 (Sen. Latvala) and HB 979 (Rep. Peters)
- Summary: Requires the Florida Housing Finance Corporation to distribute four percent of funds from the Local Government Housing Trust Fund to DCF and DEO annually; of this total, ninety-five percent is directed to DCF to be provided to grantees, and five percent to DEO to provide training and technical assistance to lead agencies. Directs the DCF Office on Homelessness to provide annual homeless challenge grants to lead homeless agencies; award levels are based on total population within the continuum of care area and the varying degrees of homelessness; to qualify for a challenge grant, a continuum of care plan must establish a coordinated assessment of central intake system for assessment and referral, as well as provide matching funds (from local or private funds).
- Status: Both bills passed unanimously out of all committees. HB 979 is on Special Order in the House on April 25; SB 1090 is on Special Order in the Senate on April 28.
Relating to Substance Abuse Services
SB 582 (Sen. Clemens) and HB 479 (Rep. Hagar)
- Summary: Creates a voluntary certification process for recovery residences, with DCF selecting a third party credentialing entity to establish criteria for recovery residences and issue certificates of compliance. Additionally:
- The credentialing entity would be required to inspect recovery residences prior to issuing certificates of compliance, and annually thereafter;
- Recovery residence employees would be required to pass Level II background screenings;
- Licensed service providers would only be able to refer patients to recovery residences with valid certificates of compliance.
- Status: Both bills have been referred to three committees of reference. SB 582 was not considered during the final Senate Appropriations meeting; however, the bill is on Special Order on April 28, if received. HB 479 passed the full House on April 24.
Relating to Medical Examiners
SB 584 (Sen. Lee) and HB 301 (Rep. Spano)
- Summary: Section 406.11, F.S., requires medical examiners to determine and verify the cause of death in certain cases. Additionally, medical examiners must determine cause of death whenever a body is to be cremated, dissected, or buried at sea. The purpose of s. 406.11 is to preserve evidence in the event that a body is necessary for forensic examination. Many county medical examiners charge a cremation approval fee when a cremation is requested in order to cover the costs of the additional steps that are necessary to comply with the statute. HB 301 by Rep. Spano and SB 584 Sen. Lee would prohibit a medical examiner or county from charging a user fee for an examination, investigation, or autopsy performed pursuant to s. 406.11. Thus, county medical examiners would no longer be able to assess even a nominal fee for performing these statutorily mandated tasks. The bills would have a collective impact of just under $4 million, based on fees charged in 2013.
- Status: HB 301 passed unanimously in House Health Quality, and is now in Local and Federal Affairs. FAC has proposed language to carve out cremation approval fees from the prohibition, but neither sponsor has been amendable. SB 584 has not yet been heard in its first committee. Both bills were temporarily postponed in their first committees of reference; however, Rep. Roberson did add language establishing a $50 cap on medical examiner approval fees to HB 819, relating to the department of health. The Senate companion, however, is not moving.
Relating to Gasoline Stations *PREEMPTION*
SB 1184 (Sen. Brandes) and HB 185 (Rep. Danish)
- Summary: Requires self-service gas stations to place a blue, 15-square inch decal displaying the international symbol of accessibility, a telephone number that a vehicle operator can call to request assistance, and the phrase “call for assistance” on each gas station pump. Requires DACS to confirm that gas stations are properly displaying the decals on their pumps during normally scheduled inspections. Preempts all local government laws and regulations related to fueling assistance at self-service gas stations.
- Status: HB 185 has passed all committees in the House; Rep. Beshears offered an amendment to grandfather in existing local ordinances, but it was narrowly defeated. SB 1184 passed its first two committees. In Senate Agriculture, Sen. Bullard offered an amendment to grandfather in existing ordinances, but it was not considered; the bill passed 4-2, and was re-referenced to Community Affairs, although the committee did not vote on the bill during its last meeting. Sen. Brandes’ transportation bill, SB 1272, also contains the substance of SB 1184; however, Sen. Montford amended the bill to clarify that the language does not prohibit local governments from adopting or enforcing ordinances that exceed the standards for fueling assistance established in the bill. HB 7005, the House companion to the transportation bill, does contain the preemption language and is up on Special Order on April 25. Rep. Williams has filed an amendment to remove the preemption.
Relating to Florida Clean Indoor Air Act
SB 342 (Sen. Bradley) and HB 309 (Rep. Edwards)
- Summary: Currently, s. 386.209, F.S., preempts regulation of smoking to the state, except that school districts may further restrict smoking on their own property. SB 342 and HB 309 amend s. 386.209 to allow a county or municipality to further restrict smoking on county- or municipal-owned playground areas, provided that:
- No smoking signs clearly delineate where smoking is restricted;
- When enforcing an ordinance, a law enforcement officer must first advise the person of the penalties for violation, direct the person to stop smoking, and request that he or she leave the premises prior to issuing a civil citation.
- Status: SB 342 passed unanimously out of its first committee of reference, Senate Regulated Industries. HB 309 has not yet been heard in its first committee of reference, House Health Quality Subcommittee. Although bills repealing the state smoking regulation preemption have failed for the past two years, SB 342 and HB 309 are far more limited their application and more likely to move through the House and Senate. FAC has been working with stakeholder to collect support letters and resolutions in support of the legislation. As of March 6, HB 309 has 11 bipartisan cosponsors, but has not yet been heard in committee. These bills are dead, although Sen. Bradley has stated that he will continue to push this effort in subsequent legislative sessions.
Relating to Nicotine Products & Nicotine Dispensing Devices *PREEMPTION*
SB 224 (Sen. Benacquisto) and HB 169 (Reps. Artiles and Renuart)
- Summary: SB 224 and HB 169 prohibit the gift, sale, possession, or use of nicotine dispensing devices, including electronic cigarettes, to minors, and establish standards for signage and sale of such devices.
- Status: The efforts to restrict the gift or sale of e-cigarettes to minors are widely supported and both bills have broad support. SB 224 has already passed the full Senate. HB 169 did not originally include any preemption language; however, language preempting regulation of both tobacco products and nicotine dispensing devices was added during the second committee stop. On the House floor, Rep. Hager offered an amendment to remove the preemption language, which passed 72-46. The bill passed the full House on April 24, and is now in Senate returning messages.